Something came out from the Markarian 335 black hole

Markarian 335
The phases of the leakage X-rays from a supermassive black hole - Source: NASA

Everybody talks about the Hubble Space Telescope and the International Space Station, but the answers to some of the most important questions about the universe could come from a relatively “cheap” mission like the NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array).

NuSTAR is a space telescope that NASA launched in June 2012 with a Pegasus rocket to detect X-rays emitted from sources in the space.

Supermassive black holes, authentic space monsters

The largest of these sources are the supermassive black holes , authentic space “monsters”, whose mass is equal to some billion times that of a star like the Sun, which are thought to exist at the center of every galaxy, including our Milky Way.

In fact, just their exceptional dimensions make their average density much lower than that of their younger siblings, so that for some of them it is supposed to be lower than the mass of water.

Markarian 335
Escaping a flash of X-rays from a supermassive black hole - NASA Source

Now: we all know that in theory nothing can leave black holes, not even light, except to assume that they are a sort of portals to other universes or dimensions and that therefore “bleeding” matter somewhere else.

But a few months ago NuStar registered something really unusual: the expulsion of material constituting the crown of a supermassive black hole (Markarian 335, which is, fortunately, 324 million light years away from Earth) and the subsequent emission of a huge x-ray pulse, far superior to any other x-ray emissions so far recorded observing black holes.

Markarian 335
NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array) - Source NASA

What came out from Markian 335?

If the two events were connected, as it would seem, somehow the black holes, as well as act as “cosmic vacuum cleaners” could somehow be a sort of colossal “stacks” that can recharge energy the universe and simultaneously create, perhaps, new stars.

Maybe this is not as exciting as if you have discovered a Ufo coming out of a black hole, but this discovery (that certainly was very lucky, because the main blacks holes at the centers of galaxies are covered by thick blanket of interstellar gas and dust) could revolutionize our way of thinking about the supermassive blacks holes and their role in the evolution of the universe.

Tags: NASA, Astronomy, Black hole