The water of Saturn
Enceladus is a fantastic moon of Saturn, characterized by volcanic phenomena opposite to those of the Earth and linked to the intense cold. From fractures called “tiger stripes” at the South Pole, so far, there were registered at least 30 geysers that make splash water heated below the surface and then immediately frozen by the cold of space.
There must be heat sources, but which? Maybe radioactive elements whose decay could heat the water beneath the icy surface of Enceladus, or linked to tidal friction linked to approach and move away from Saturn. At present we are not yet able to say whether the water extends under the entire surface od Enceladus or just below the South Pole, but certainly there are significant reserves. In which, perhaps, could be elementary forms of life, such as bacteria.
Water is not only present on Enceladus. Around Saturn there are in fact the famous rings, inside which have been identified in recent years other 62 small moons. It is estimated that between these rings and satellites, largely made up of ice, there may be an amount of water equal to 26 times of the reserves all over the planet Earth. Among other things, a “centaur” asteroid, ie wandering between two orbiting planets (Saturn and Uranus), Chariklo, only discovered in 1997, has two ice rings around it.
So much water close to Saturn could be valuable, in the future, for space exploration and who knows if it has not already been noticed and exploited by some extraterrestrial explorer, over the past million years. Is it just a case that the Sumerian god Enki is the deified representation of Saturn? In the Sumerian texts it is indeed reported that the constellations consecrated to Enki were those of Capricorn and the aquarium; coincidentally in astrology the planet Saturn has “home” right in Capricorn and the aquarium. All mere coincidences?